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Tips on how to Design a Plumbing System in a Constructing

Posted in Plumbing on 11th August 2018

One of the most complex aspects of construction is designing a plumbing system for a building. A plumbing system delivers potable hot and cold water to the home, while safely removing waste water and venting the waste system to remove gases and wastewater odors from the home.

Shut off valves allow for uninterrupted supply during repairs, which is why each fixture that uses water requires one. It allows individual units to be shut down without affecting the plumbing system as a whole.

Thirty or more years ago, household plumbing systems used metal piping, but in modern buildings, we use cross-linked polyethylene (PEX), polybutylene (PB) or plastic piping for supply lines. Black ABS plastic or white PVC is mostly used for drain lines.

How to Design Your Plumbing System

This is the system professional plumbing designers use when installing plumbing in a new building.


Step 1. Find the best place to install the main stack. A main stack is a 3-4 inch diameter pipe which passes through the house, running from the basement up the roof. Each of the parts has an important function:

  • The top section is for venting.
  • The middle part is used to collect waste from the fixtures.
  • The lower part is used to collect waste from the toilets.

Venting helps to equalize the system’s pressure.

The size of the drain pipe will depend on the distance of the fixture to the main stack. If a fixture is located a significant distance from the main stack, it will have a separate stack that rises to the top, and it will join the lower part of the main stack below.


Step 2. Install the vents and drains. Approximately one-and-a-half or two inches in diameter, drain pipes should slant a quarter of an inch per foot in order to drain well, and it must have smooth bends. Sharp angles will cause frequent clogs.

All fixtures, apart from toilets, must have traps. Toilets already have built in traps. A trap is the u-shaped pipe below fixtures, such as the basin. A small amount of water remains trapped in the bend, which keeps odors and gases from entering the home.

If a fixture is within less than five feet from the main stack and it is connected with a 2″ pipe or larger, it can be wet vented. This means that the pipe is big enough to allow both air and water to circulate simultaneously. If the bathroom is a greater distance from the pipe, an extra pipe must be added to the venting system and the venting section of the main stack.


Step 3. You will have to submit a rough in plumbing diagrams, which the building inspector will assess in terms of the building codes.

Once your drainage system is designed, it is time to design your plumbing system for fresh water supply. This starts with the placement of your hot water heater. Once you have determined the routes of each of the pipes, you will have to run your pipes to each grouping of fixtures.

Finally, you will install the final runs from the rough-in supply pipes to each individual fixture.

Naturally, it’s much more time consuming and complex than what this guide tells you. That’s why it is important to hire a professional plumber to install your plumbing system.

Greatest Methods to Drain Your Residence’s Plumbing System and Forestall Clogging

Posted in Plumbing on 2nd June 2018

An obstructed drain is always a problem and can seem complicated if you do not know what to do. A study by Direct Energy revealed that clogged toilets and Kitchen sink drain results when dirt, skin flakes, hair binds, cooking grease trapped onto drain pipe walls, and several other elements can pose a difficult problem in the home.

Fixing clogged drains isn’t going to be fun, it’ll smell bad, and you should be ready for the mess.

The good news is: We’ve put together proven tips to help you learn how to unclog a drain and get your plumbing and drainage system functioning properly.

In this informative article, you will how to:

  • Identify a clogged drain.
  • Clean a clogged drain.
  • Avoid future blockages.
  • Understand your responsibility for unblocking public and private lines.

So what basic steps do you need to take if you experience a clogged drain? This is one of the major concerns that homeowners have. Let’s discuss it.

1). Identify what is wrong

If the water in your toilet or bathroom does not drain away properly, it is likely to be the result of a clogged drain. If your toilet is completely clogged, check out our article on how to unclog a toilet.

2). Stop using the drain

This may seem obvious, but do not throw more water down the drain! This will only make the problem more difficult to solve.

3). Safety first

Before tackling the blockage, make sure you stay safe by wearing full protective clothing (including gloves, goggles, and coveralls). And always remember to remove and wash your protective clothing after completing the work.

That said, let’s now talk about the best ways to handle a clogged drain.

Before you begin, make sure you have a set of pipe rods, which can be rented or purchased at most DIY stores. Once you have put on your protective clothing, follow the steps below.

1. Remove the lid

First, lift the inspection cover over the drain. If the lid is rusted off, use a screwdriver to scrape off the rust. If your manhole has a handle, attach a string or wire to it, then open the lid.

2. Unclog

Use a rod with a piston attachment to dislodge the obstruction — it can take several minutes of twisting and turning. If not, try using a standard kitchen mop handle even though this is unlikely to be as versatile as a goal drain rod does.

On the flip side, you can use the plunger. A report by Consumer Reports shows that you can use biological cleaners and a plunger to clear under sink clogs.

“The report further revealed that Biological cleaners, such as Citra-Drain and Zep, use enzymes or bacteria to chew through clogs. It doesn’t pose a health risk to humans, and they’re likely to harm septic systems because they don’t kill beneficial bacteria. But they’re very effective when it comes to quickly removing clogs.”

3. Rinse with water

Once you have dislodged the blockage, flush the drain with water to remove the remaining debris. Unlocking a drain can be a difficult process that is best avoided.

Here are some tips to prevent future drainages:

  • Watch your drains: By checking your drains regularly; you should be able to take the start of all minor blockages before they get worse.
  • Dispose of waste properly: Remember to dispose of waste in the correct manner. Never rinse items such as face wipes, diapers or cotton wool as they may block drains.
  • Keep your drains clear of plants: If possible, try to keep clear drains of flowers and plants. If your garden is particularly green — try the drain fitting guards to help prevent plant material from falling in and causing blockages.
  • Rinse before loading your dishwasher: Always rinse plates and cutlery before loading your dishwasher. Any excess food will end up in the drains and could build up to cause a blockage.

Find out your responsibilities as the homeowner or occupant and the person to contact if you are having a problem with a public drain or sewer.

Method of Unblocking pipes:

i). Unblocking by pump: Recommended for small plugs, its efficiency is proportional to the strength of the user.

ii). Unlocking by ferret: For small and medium plugs, the ferret goes everywhere in the pipe and allows to eliminate the plug.

iii). Unclogging by acid: For small and medium caps, acid does wonders. In less than a quarter of an hour, the acid will completely dissolve the cork. The only disadvantage is that the pipeline can be thinned.

iv). Unloading by truck pump: Recommended for large caps, it is a hydro-pump truck that sends a jet of water at high pressure in the pipes. Its action is extremely effective and performs a thorough disgorging and scrubbing of the pipeline.

The importance of the cap depends on the diameter of the pipe and the nature of the plug itself (hair, food scraps, toilet paper …).

Pro Tip: Avoid throwing anything into your pipes and maintain them regularly.

Flushing

Flushing is a effective method of cleaning a clogged drain. Flushing helps to unstop a slow running sink and you don’t have to use toxic chemicals or even seeking the help of a plumber.

However, if the task is beyond you, you might want to get some help from a qualified plumbing company near you.

The right plumbing company doesn’t do this for money. In fact, most of the work they do is to carry out the maintenance of sanitation networks for the direct needs of communities, municipalities, companies, and individuals in order to ensure the durability and the flow of the works, but also to avoid odors.

The ideal plumbing company will also ensure the cleaning of the wastewater columns, garbage disposal ducts, building rubbish bins on behalf of Condominium Trustees, maintenance of lifting pumps, cleaning of lagoons and rhizospheres.

Principle and operation of pipe cleaning

The cleaning head is the working tool for the implementation of pressurized water, especially for the cleaning, stripping, and cleaning of pipes.

The cleaning head performs a dual function:

i). The projection of water under pressure: The front jets prepare and facilitate cleaning work in the case of heavily clogged pipes.

ii). Propulsion: The rearward directed jets are dimensioned according to the flow/pressure torque and oriented according to the desired speed of travel and the work to be done.

So how do you know there’s a problem with your plumbing system?

You know that you have a problem with your plumbing system when some clues appear, such as:

  • Weird noises.
  • Unpleasant odors.
  • slow and difficult evacuation.

And so on.

The situation can become frustrating and even detrimental to your quality of life.

And it doesn’t make sense to just sit back and watch the situation change on its own accord. No, you have to take the right steps and contact a plumber who can fix it quickly and safely.

Why use the services of a plumber?

If you are not a plumbing specialist, you may only perceive the symptoms of the problem. But it doesn’t stop there. How would you know if it is due to:

  • A clogged drain.
  • A leaking pipe.
  • Dysfunctional sewers.

Etc.

Remember that damaged piping can cause more leaks and damage to your house. Hence, the need to seek professional support.

More so, the congestion of a pipe may be a symptom of an underlying problem that needs to be addressed without delay.

A plumbing professional will be able to intervene:

  • Quickly.
  • Properly.
  • With the right equipment.

How do you know the right specialist to call?

If you are unsure about the professional who can help you, contact us by phone or online to get the information you need. You will know if the plumber is the specialist who can suit your situation or if you should rather call a general contractor, an electrician, a carpenter, etc.

What can a plumber do when the plumbing problem touches the foundation drain?

There are two (2) types of problems that can occur with foundation drains (also known as French drain):

  • The pipes are blocked by the roots of the trees.
  • They are engorged by iron ocher.

How can a plumber perform hose uprooting?

How can an outside pipe be blocked by roots? It is known that plant roots seek water. That’s one of the reasons the roots grow in that direction. It is enough that your external pipes:

  • Show signs of condensation on the outer walls.
  • Slightly ooze or
  • That the seals are loose and cause water to leak.

When they reach the pipes, the roots are inserted through the cracks (even in the most microscopic ones), develop and grow until they completely block the pipe or cause it to break. If you have waited too long, you will have no choice but to replace them entirely.

How to locate where the foundation drain is obstructed?

If in the past you had to dig at random, which increased the costs of the intervention today, it is possible to do a complete inspection of your pipes with a specially designed camera.

There is more than one type of camera for this purpose. However, keep these things in mind when choosing a camera:

  • Color or black and white images;
  • Length of the semi-flexible stem of the file to which it is connected;
  • Resolution of the image;
  • Dimension of the camera;

If your pipes do not have openings for their maintenance, a trench will be dug on a corner of the building, the foundation drain will be cut and a camera will be inserted into each section to make a complete tour of the damaged drain (if no cluster blocks the passage of the camera).

But the camera also has many other uses:

i). Detect other alterations such as, for example, a major breach affecting a wall of the foundation;

ii). The ownership and distribution of sand and crushed material preventing water (rain or groundwater) from remaining near and infiltrating the foundations.

iii). Find out if the foundation drain(or French drain):

  • Has aged badly;
  • Is holed
  • Contains earth;
  • Is clogged with ferrous ocher;

If on its way, the camera detects a flow or other important problems, then you’ve no choice other than to excavate the area and fix it.

How can plumbers uproot the foundation drain?

If the process is not too advanced, the extraction of the roots can be done with the help of an electrical feeder. This ferret is made up of a thin, elongated, semi-flexible metal part with blades that can cut the roots, clean or reduce to pieces any clog that clogs the French drain.

Do solutions exist to the problem of pipes clogged with ferrous ocher?

Research is still underway to discover how to permanently eliminate iron ocher problems. The best solution, for the moment, is maintaining your pipeline.

The first time, the work will be a little more expensive.

Remember that you can request a quote from a plumber. Indeed, it will be necessary to dig, cut a section of the French drain, circulating a jet of pressurized water in the latter for effective cleaning, bleach to lower the pH in the event that the iron ocher deposit is of bacterial origin, check again to make sure there are no more ferrous ocher plugs, put ducts (chimneys) in place so you do not have to dig and cut again at the next maintenance.

Once the ducts (chimneys) are installed, the cost of a “foundation drain cleaning” should cost only one-quarter (¼) of the initial amount depending on which plumbing company you have chosen when you receive quotes from Plumber.

Other solutions:

  • Copper wire in the drains so that the iron deposits settle there. The role of this copper wire is somewhat the same as that of the anticorrosive anode in a water heater.
  • Drains covered with water.
  • Materials with large filtration openings to benefit the ocher composition away from the drains.
  • The addition of lime to the backfill soil (when the soil is fine textured).
  • Smaller distance between large diameter pipes.
  • Lateral drains shorter.

9 tips for maintaining your plumbing system

1. Take advantage of the services of a plumber expert

The first advice we can give you to keep a plumbing system in perfect condition and save money may seem to be interested on our part but it is the most efficient and the least expensive: Call a plumber expert at the first sign of a failure of your system. You will avoid serious problems and disbursements.

2. Avoid carelessness and prevent obvious issues

The majority of plumbing and water damage we face is due to negligence. Many of your plumbing problems and significant costs can be prevented.

Keep a regular eye on the failures of the components of your plumbing system. Inspect countertops by opening cabinets under your kitchen sink and bathroom sink for leakage or moisture.

Stretch your ear to check for any noise from your toilet tank to make sure there is no spillage as well as any seepage from its connection.

Inspect the flexible hoses connecting your clothes washer, especially if they are a few years old. Being able to inspect the connections and the underside of your dishwasher for leaks is an asset.

Inspect your water heater for leakage or rust and make sure you know where it is going. When the water supply piping is visible, inspect it.

Also, inspect walls and ceilings under plumbing fixtures and components for dark circles or moisture when possible. Also, make sure your drains are working properly.

This inspection will only take a few minutes but will ensure that your plumbing system is kept in good condition and at a lower cost.

3. Prevent the bursting of pipes by frost

If you have water pipes, both metal and PVC that run along an outside wall and are visible to you, inspect them in very cold weather.

If you leave your home for a long time in the winter or during a prolonged heating failure, take advantage of these few recommendations:

  • Beware of lowering the heating of your home
  • Leave your cabinet doors under your sink or sink to keep enough temperature in these confined spaces
  • Let a trickle of water run down your faucets to prevent freezing of stagnant water in your piping

Also make sure your piping and fittings are well insulated in the unheated areas of your home and garage.

If you are closing your cottage for the winter, be sure to close the main water inlet and let the faucets run to completely empty your pipes. Remember to make sure your water supply is well insulated upstream of your main water inlet valve.

4. Check your water heater

Check for leaks and rust. From 10 years of age, you must seriously think about replacing it. You avoid major damage that will cost you thousands of dollars, especially if you live in a housing or condo.

5. Your washing machine or dishwasher hoses

Regularly check your washing machine and dishwasher hoses. The rubberized casings of your clothes washer dry out with age and show signs of weakness through external cracks.

You must change these guts at the first sign of weakness or every 10 years. The same goes for your dishwasher hoses, even if they are flexible metal.

Always choose quality materials, save a few dollars at the risk of causing damage for several thousand dollars is not a good economy.

6. Your outdoor faucets

Remember to empty your outdoor water supply ducts before winter, whether for your pool or garden hose, unless you have frost-free faucets. If you have an unheated garage that is supplied with water, consider also protecting yourself from frost.

7. Act quickly in case of emergency

Even if you take all the necessary care to avoid a leak or a water damage, a breakage can happen. Immediately close the supply valve of the defective plumbing element.

This valve is usually located close to the item to repair for example, under your sink or sink, behind your clothes washer, a hatch behind your bath supply or, above your water heater.

If you cannot stop the leak, turn off the main power of your home immediately. It is usually in the basement near the wall facing the street and the municipal power system.

8. Thaw frozen pipes

According to Reader’s Digest, “frozen water expands in volume by up to 9%. And this expansion is spontaneous: going from 40 pounds per square inch to 40,000 pounds per square inch.”

More so, when you run out of water or have a very low water pressure in the winter on a particular component of your plumbing system and its pipe runs near an outside wall exposed to the cold, you probably have a problem with a frozen pipe. It is necessary to act quickly before undergoing a burst.

You need to identify where the frost is forming, usually in a closet or cabinet leaning against an outside wall when the plumbing is visible. These are cooler places that can be poorly insulated.

To help resume normal flow, open the valve on the section affected by the freeze. The most effective and safest way and the use of a hairdryer.

You must distribute the heat evenly up to the frozen part of the piping and be patient. Other heating elements such as a heating fan, or an electric lamp that emits a lot of heat can be used.

But be careful not to ignite flammable components surrounding your piping. The propane torch is to be avoided. The danger of fire is too great and you can damage your piping.

When the pipe is not visible, you must use the same means to warm the environment of your hidden piping. But you will have to redouble your patience.

If you are unable to restore water flow, call a plumber quickly to avoid having an exploded pipe and subsequent water damage.

To prevent pipes from freezing in the most at-risk locations, you can wrap your pipes with insulating foam covers that are available at low-cost hardware. Heating wire may be required in less accessible areas.

9. Prevent clogged pipes with a house cleaner

Make your own sewer pipe cleaner with homemade products at your fingertips. Pour equal parts of baking soda and vinegar into your tub or sink drain once a month.

Conclusion

You can also use two products that you usually find in your kitchen to prevent clogged pipes. Use half a cup of baking soda and half a cup of salt to mix and empty into your drain. Add boiling water.

These two methods are all as effective and less harmful than the products available on the market while being more natural and less toxic.

Other so-called eco-friendly enzyme products are coming onto the market and can help keep your ducts clean. These enzymes digest the accumulated dirt in your ducts but do not open an already clogged pipe.

In addition, experts do not unanimously agree on the real impact of these products on the ecology.

7 Important Keys to Plumbing System Upgrades For Your Dwelling

Posted in Plumbing on 23rd May 2018

The plumbing system is one of the most important elements of the engineering equipment of the house, which should work stably and efficiently.  

For this, the system requires regular maintenance, upgrading or modernization.

More importantly, you have to consider upgrading your plumbing system as well. [source]

In addition to regular maintenance, the plumbing system also needs reconstruction and modernization. At the same time, the earlier such work is done, the better, more reliable and durable your plumbing system works.

Modernization can be caused by both the natural aging equipment and filtering backfill, as well as by changing the chemical composition of water or by increasing the volume of water consumption.

It is very important to understand this and not to bring to an emergency situation — when the repair will be commensurate with the cost of the new system.

Why a plumbing system upgrade is required

Modernization of the pumping equipment system is always caused by one of two reasons: complete deterioration of the previous system or its insufficient capacity.

In the first case, we collect a new system (the same or improved, based on the needs of the homeowner) and simply build into the current infrastructure.

In the second case, for example, due to changes in infrastructure, new buildings on the site, new pumping points, such as a swimming pool, or an increase in irrigation facilities that were not provided for by the original project, the pumping equipment is forced to work for wear.

Therefore, it needs an appropriate modernization, thanks to which the system can cope with all tasks by 100%. A professional service company can easily realize all the needs of homeowners.

That said, here are the 7 essential keys to plumbing system upgrades for your home:

1. Installation of water supply systems

The water supply of a house includes a complex of facilities through which it becomes possible to provide the consumer with water of excellent quality and to the extent that is necessary.

Installation of water supply systems involves the use of these elements:

  • Membrane storage tank
  • Pipes of different cross-section and configuration
  • A submersible pump or pump station
  • Cleaning filters
  • Fasteners, cranes and so on

More so, additional accessories and adaptations may be required, the specific list of which is determined on the basis of the conditions at a particular facility.

2. Upgrading of the septic tank

Autonomous sewerage completely solves the issue of household waste and wastewater disposal. The system can consist of one septic tank or several energy-dependent stations that process large amounts of waste by biological treatment.

Advantages of modern septic tanks:

  • High reliability of work, strong body;
  • Cleaning efficiency is up to 99%;
  • The design of the selected model allows the installation of the supply pipe at different depths;
  • The absence of unpleasant odors, quiet work.

It is important to conduct regular service maintenance, which will ensure the efficiency of the complex.

The installation of an autonomous system consists of the following steps:

  1. Determination of the installation site.
  2. Drawing up a plan for stowage equipment.
  3. Earthwork — excavation.
  4. Laying of inner and outer pipes.
  5. Connect the septic tank to the drain using a plastic pipe.
  6. Start-up of the system and commissioning.

3. Installation of water meters

The installation of smart meters is a step in the right direction when it comes to reducing the impact of these frauds.

The development of connected meters enables water utilities to improve their metering and to achieve a much greater level of transparency in the use of the water network.

All this contributes to reducing the volumes of non-invoiced water, while contributing to the reduction of water waste in general, answering partly to a more global environmental problem.

4. Installation of water treatment systems

The development and modernization of water supply and sanitation systems in your home is the first step in a long-term investment plan for the region.  Here’s an illustration of a water treatment system.

This project includes investments in infrastructure to modernize the treatment and distribution of drinking water and the collection and treatment of wastewater.

From the point of view of environmental impact, this will offer considerable benefits in view of the elimination of groundwater and subsoil contamination, achieved through the extension of wastewater management systems and sanitation.

Improving the wastewater collection and treatment system will also generate significant environmental savings by reducing the levels of organic and nutrient pollutants directly discharged into receiving waters.

5. Installation of treatment facilities

Efforts to control sanitary wastewater began when it became necessary to prevent the spread of disease from infected people.

Current methods of collecting and delivering wastewater through underground pipes have virtually eliminated direct exposure of the public to wastewater.

The wastewater treatment system has three main components: collection, treatment and returns to the environment.

The collection system uses water to transport waste to the treatment system through a network of pipes, tunnels and pumping stations.

Once at the treatment plant, the wastewater is subjected to a series of processes that gradually remove the solids and make them suitable for discharge into the environment.

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, “our Nation’s water infrastructure is facing challenges, due to aging, maintenance, and efficiency. Maintaining and renewing the pipes and facilities that treat our water and move it from place to place is critical at this point in time.”

Effective plumbing work in the home is really as a result of modern treatment facilities pioneered by the government.

Essentially, the treated wastewater, or “effluent”, is discharged into the environment, usually into a stream, after reaching the desired purification stage, while the solids extracted from the various processes will be further processed before to be recycled in the soil.

6. Installation of sewage and water disposal

The wastewater treatment is the set of processes to clean up wastewater before its return to the natural environment or reuse.

The waste water is water that following their domestic, commercial or industrial are likely to pollute the environment in which they would be discharged. This is why, in order to protect the receiving environment, treatments are carried out on these effluents collected by the urban sanitation network.

The goal of treatments is to reduce the impact of wastewater on the environment. The treated water is sometimes reused.

7. Installation of pumping equipment

The water supply, based on its design and constructive aspects, is divided into external and internal. The first provides the supply of water directly to the place of its subsequent consumption.

The second distributes it between separate water intake units located in the building itself.

The water supply in the private house can be integrated into the central water supply system, and also receive water from the well or well.

The first option is relevant for large cities, characterized by a fairly high stability of work, but requires a monthly payment for the use of the service.

The cost of the arrangement of the well is quite minimal, and the installation time is insignificant, although the water quality often leaves much to be desired.

As for the water from the well, installing it at least will cost a more significant amount, but it will allow the consumer to get clean water without any harmful impurities and additives.

Features of reconstruction

Modernization of treatment facilities allows them to restore their work or improve their functionality.

Reconstruction is carried out in the following cases:

  1. Increase in the number of volumes of effluents.
  2. The resource of systems is exhausted.
  3. The appearance of unpleasant odors.
  4. Wrong installation of the septic tank.
  5. Poor-quality work of the station, failure.

Repair is also carried out in case of need to update the sewage system due to the prescription of use.

The order of performance of works

Modernization of sewage is carried out by experienced masters or companies and is accompanied by a number of compulsory actions:

  • Having arrived on a place, the company defines the reason of wrong work or breakage.
  • Spare parts are selected, the need for replacement of elements, restoration of equipment is determined.
  • Installation and all start-up and adjustment works are carried out.

Options for upgrading systems

Modernization of water supply systems and pumping equipment in the well can be carried out for various reasons and include various works. Everything depends on the state of the particular system and its elements.

i). Individual parts can wear out over time, simply by exhausting their resource. A simple option is a replacement, which can easily be carried out through mechanical intervention. During the repair, all necessary parts are assembled.

Also, other places of the system are examined, elements that, if necessary, can also be replaced with new ones before they fail.

ii). The owner of the deep pump, previously using a simple design, can decide to change something on his site, for example, create a watering system or make a pool, which will require more serious power.

In this case, new equipment is installed that will meet all the requirements, as well as adjustment and connection, which is also included in the list of services.

iii). In some cases, it may be necessary to replace one part, a small repair, we also produce on request. When a certain threshold is reached, the parts can break down, but it is usually possible to replace them with new ones, so the pump will continue to work again.

Purposes of modernization of the plumbing system

Often, the modernization of the plumbing system is to replace the pumping equipment. Using modern plumbing facilities also has its health benefits. As an example, when the United Nations declared 2002 – 2015 The International Decade for Action “Water for Life.”

One of the objectives of this initiative is to address common diseases related to water and sanitation which has claimed the lives of about 3.1 million people per year. Worse, 2.1 billion people still do not have access to clean sanitation facilities.

With science-powered facilities, the plumbing system becomes safer and healthier for everyone, especially the 1.6 million people who die as a result of diarrhoeal diseases caused by inadequate sanitation and lack of safe drinking water.

Installation of one pump instead of the other can be connected with the inability to find spare parts for the old model, with an error in selection, replacement of the budget model with a more expensive one with the need to ensure stable operation of the system.

Many are upgrading the system of autonomous plumbing to ensure its year-round operation — changing the summer version of the system to a version with a caisson or a downhole adapter and a pipeline laid below the freezing level of the ground.

Modernization can be carried out with the aim of increasing the level of automation, increasing water-pumping points, connecting household appliances and additional sanitary appliances, providing the possibility of automatic irrigation and for other purposes.

When is it necessary to modernize the plumbing system?

Modernization of the plumbing system is necessary when approaching the end of the service life of water pipelines.

The service life of water pipelines depends on the material from which they are made. For example, steel water pipelines should be effectively used for 20 years, and cast iron pipes — 60 years.

However, the aging of public plumbing networks and the reduction of their capacity can also occur at an earlier time (5-10 years after laying) due to the influence of some or a number of the following factors:

  • The mismatch of the pipe material with operating conditions
  • Violation of the conditions for laying pipeline systems in the corresponding soils
  • Aggressive character of water, corrosion of walls, excessive pressure, sharp seasonal temperature changes, etc.

What causes the aging of underground pipelines?

The aging of underground pipelines for various purposes leads to:

i). Deterioration of physicochemical parameters of transported drinking water (for example, chromaticity) due to corrosion.

ii). The possibility of re-contamination of water (as a result of fistulas, cracks, breach of butt joints in the case of aging drinking water networks).

iii). Pollution of underground and surface waters, soils, atmosphere (in case of aging of oil and gas communications, drainage networks of domestic, rainwater and industrial sewerage).

iv). Leakage of water from pipelines caused by their aging also causes a rise in groundwater levels, which can lead to an intensive destruction of existing buildings and structures.

What are the main causes of accidents on plumbing networks?

The main types of defects that cause accidents on plumbing networks are: For steel pipes — through holes, fistulas (up to 70%); for cast-iron pipes — breach of the tightness of the bell joints (up to 12%) and fracture of pipes (16%).

The prevailing amount of damage falls on pipes of small diameters (up to 200 mm), which is about 75% of their total number.

Installation of water supply systems is a complex procedure involving various types of work. Regardless of the place in which it is held, and what materials and equipment are used during the installation of water supply systems, this should only be done by professionals.

This will avoid problems during the further operation of the system and increase the period of its trouble-free service.

Conclusion

The plumbing system is an integral part of small and large scale plumbing work, both in the home, workplace, or a public area.

If there’s a fault in the plumbing system or routes, an experienced plumbing specialist will be able to correctly locate the pipeline so that it does not interfere with the operation of other life support systems of the building and does not cause you any inconvenience.

Knowledge of the methods of working with different materials and tools will allow professionals to mount the water pipe as reliably as possible and avoid such troubles as the flow of pipes due to poor quality welding, clogging the system due to the improper inclination of the system, etc.