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Tips on how to Design a Plumbing System in a Constructing

Posted in Plumbing on 11th August 2018

One of the most complex aspects of construction is designing a plumbing system for a building. A plumbing system delivers potable hot and cold water to the home, while safely removing waste water and venting the waste system to remove gases and wastewater odors from the home.

Shut off valves allow for uninterrupted supply during repairs, which is why each fixture that uses water requires one. It allows individual units to be shut down without affecting the plumbing system as a whole.

Thirty or more years ago, household plumbing systems used metal piping, but in modern buildings, we use cross-linked polyethylene (PEX), polybutylene (PB) or plastic piping for supply lines. Black ABS plastic or white PVC is mostly used for drain lines.

How to Design Your Plumbing System

This is the system professional plumbing designers use when installing plumbing in a new building.

Step 1. Find the best place to install the main stack. A main stack is a 3-4 inch diameter pipe which passes through the house, running from the basement up the roof. Each of the parts has an important function:

  • The top section is for venting.
  • The middle part is used to collect waste from the fixtures.
  • The lower part is used to collect waste from the toilets.

Venting helps to equalize the system’s pressure.

The size of the drain pipe will depend on the distance of the fixture to the main stack. If a fixture is located a significant distance from the main stack, it will have a separate stack that rises to the top, and it will join the lower part of the main stack below.

Step 2. Install the vents and drains. Approximately one-and-a-half or two inches in diameter, drain pipes should slant a quarter of an inch per foot in order to drain well, and it must have smooth bends. Sharp angles will cause frequent clogs.

All fixtures, apart from toilets, must have traps. Toilets already have built in traps. A trap is the u-shaped pipe below fixtures, such as the basin. A small amount of water remains trapped in the bend, which keeps odors and gases from entering the home.

If a fixture is within less than five feet from the main stack and it is connected with a 2″ pipe or larger, it can be wet vented. This means that the pipe is big enough to allow both air and water to circulate simultaneously. If the bathroom is a greater distance from the pipe, an extra pipe must be added to the venting system and the venting section of the main stack.

Step 3. You will have to submit a rough in plumbing diagrams, which the building inspector will assess in terms of the building codes.

Once your drainage system is designed, it is time to design your plumbing system for fresh water supply. This starts with the placement of your hot water heater. Once you have determined the routes of each of the pipes, you will have to run your pipes to each grouping of fixtures.

Finally, you will install the final runs from the rough-in supply pipes to each individual fixture.

Naturally, it’s much more time consuming and complex than what this guide tells you. That’s why it is important to hire a professional plumber to install your plumbing system.

How do you unclog a drain if Drano isn’t working?

Posted in Plumbing on 1st August 2018

When a drain moves slowly or seems clogged, most people reach for the miracle gel, Drano. It’s such a handy product for DIY plumbers… However, it can be harmful to your pipes, and it doesn’t always work. In fact, if used incorrectly, it can do a lot of costly damage.

Oftentimes, the method for clearing clogged drains will depend on the cause. Many simple clogs can easily be cleared by a homeowner with a bit of DIY experience. But there are times when you will save money and inconvenience by calling a plumber instead. That includes:

  • when you don’t feel comfortable handling the problems yourself
  • if you’re not experienced with unclogging blockages
  • when you need new pipes
  • when your pipes or drains need to be disassembled to reach the clog.

Since Drano and other chemicals are not always the best solution for all clogged drains, we’ve put together a guide to help you resolve plumbing problems without drano. Here’s how:

Homemade Drain Cleaner

Did you know that you can clean your drains using products from your pantry? That’s right! For minor clogs caused by fats, grease or soapy buildups, there’s an effective solution. To start, wait while all the standing water drains from the fixture, then do the following:

  • Pour half a cup of baking soda into the drain.
  • After 5 minutes, pour a cup of vinegar into the drain.

It will sizzle a bit. Leave it for 30 minutes, and then, flush the pipes with hot water.

Drain Plunger

Most homes own a plunger. We usually use them for toilets, but you can also use them to clear minor clogs out of your drains. Your plunger must be large enough to seal the opening of the drain, and there should be enough water in the fixture to cover the bottom part of the fixture. Dry plunging is not good for your pipes.

Plunging should help dislodge minor blockages in baths and basins with ease. If it doesn’t, you may have an issue deeper down the line.

Plumbing Snake

If your homemade drain cleaner and plunger won’t work, try a drain snake. This flexible, drill-like plumbing tool is maneuvered through the drain hole at the opening and pushed through until it reaches the clog. It is then drilled into the clog to break it up, grab it and pull it out.

If none of these methods work, it may be time to call in a professional plumber. Clogs that are located deep in the pipes will need a professional approach. Some of the signs that you need to hire a professional include:

  • slow drains
  • frequent clogs
  • foul odors

When you’re dealing with stubborn clogged drains or pipes, don’t hesitate to call Anta Plumbers. We have the skills, experience and licensed plumbers to deal with any plumbing issues. If you don’t know exactly what you’re doing, you can cause more harm than good by attempting a fix on your own. Save money and inconvenience by calling Anta Plumbing today for your clogged drain.

5 Plumbing Repairs Each House owner Ought to Know

Posted in Plumbing on 24th July 2018

Owning a home is a great pleasure, until your plumbing packs up. Major plumbing issues, such as broken sewer lines should be handled by the pros. But thankfully, there are some DIY fixes that you can easily apply to minor plumbing problems. In this post, we look at the top five problems that you can easily repair by yourself without special skills or tools.

1. Unclog a drain

Clogged drains are one of the most common plumbing issues in a home. Being aware of the causes of clogged drains is the first step to avoiding them, which means you will have to do fewer fixes. When your drains become clogged, you can use any of the fixes on our blog to clear it. However, frequent clogs are indicative of a bigger issue, which will require professional intervention.

2. Stop toilet tank sweating

If you see puddles on the floor around the toilet tank after a hot bath or shower, it will usually be caused by condensation. Cold water in the toilet tank, combined with the heat and humidity in the bathroom will usually be the cause. It can be a pesky problems, as it will require that you mop after every shower, or deal with the issues that can stem from wet floors.

But there’s a solution: an anti-condensation tank liner, which costs les than $ 20 at your nearest plumbing supplier or DIY store.

After draining the tank and letting it dry, you simply need to cut it to size and secure it in place inside the tank. Problem solved!

3. Solve low water pressure

Low pressure in a single faucet or shower head can usually be fixed by unscrewing the water-saving filter or small screen at the end of the spigot. Clean out any debris inside the filter and reattach it. Your water pressure should be restored.

However, if all your faucets have low pressure, you may have to call your municipality to find out if there’s a problem in the area or with the line that supplies your home.

4. Stop a running toilet

If your toilet runs after it has filled up following a flush, it could be because the water level is too high or the rubber flapper is worn out.

Adjust the water level by sliding the rod or turning the adjustment screw in order to lower the float in the tank.

If the flapper needs to be replaced, first turn off the shutoff valve, and then flush the toilet to empty the tank. Remove the flapper and the flapper chain and install the new part before turning the water back on.

5. Perform a plumbing maintenance

A great part of preventing plumbing issues is through regular maintenance. Proper winterization helps protect your plumbing system during the cold months, and flushing your hot water heater and radiators are all important for keeping your appliances in great working order. Be sure to read our blog to learn all these essential plumbing skills for homeowners.

Need help with your plumbing? Get in touch with Anta Plumbing for fast, professional service.

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